Begining to reconnect the prisoner to their family with NICRO

Today I visited NICRO’s Ivan Evans, a social worker and area manager for the Soweto branch.

The interview went well and he was able to elaborate on a number of core issues that social workers face when dealing with re-integration into society.

Unfortunately I have not been able to transcribe the interview yet but I can give the jist of what was discussed.

1. NICRO believes that at all costs preventing people from going to jail increases the success of re-integration back into society.
2. Former prisoners are faced with incredible challenges when it comes to resolving their past wrongs. Most of the re-integration cases are family members
3. NICRO is currently helping about 400-600 people a year. But is filled with twice the capacity that it should be able to deal with.

NICRO is a Non-Profit Organization that relies on the support of independent donors and the Department of Social Workers for funding.

Ivan elaborated on some of the stories he experienced as a Social Worker and has an interesting take on the relevance of re-integration programmes.

He has also indicated two more people I should contact. But I cannot reveal their names yet…it’s a secret!

Additional Links

IN DEPTH DIARY – Interview with Richard Ngoma, a former prisoner and now a lawyer in training

IN DEPTH DIARY – Defining core issues that relate to Social Justice?

IN DEPTH DIARY – What is the Social Justice?

Advertisements

Proposal Pitch

The intention of the project is to offer a voice to those who are trying to overcome the difficulties of re-integration. According to a statistic put forward by Amanda Dissel 85-94% of those prisoners released from prison will end up being re-sentenced.

For the project I am interested in finding people who are involved in prison reintergration programmes, more specifically those programmes that deal with prisoners to cope with ‘reconnecting with their families’ once they have finished their sentences.

Additional Links

IN DEPTH DIARY – Interview with Richard Ngoma, a former prisoner and now a lawyer in training

IN DEPTH DIARY – Begining to reconnect the prisoner to their family with NICRO

IN DEPTH DIARY – Defining core issues that relate to Social Justice?

IN DEPTH DIARY – What is the Social Justice?

Defining core issues that relate to Social Justice?

I spent the last night brain storming ideas and issues that surround the theme of Social Justice and came up with the following.

A mind map I drew while brainstorming for themes to do with Social Justice. In the end I like the idea researching Rehabilitation programmes outside of prison.

 

 

So what’s particularly relevant to me and what motivation can I bring to doing a project based in correctional services?

Upon further research I found two readings that offer greater insight into the Correctional services programmes.

In Tracking Transformation in South African Prisons by Amanda Dissel I found the following

Recidivism (reverting to crime upon release from prison) in South Africa is estimated to be in the region of 85% to 94%.

Correctional Services are required by the Correctional Services Act to provide programmes but are constrained by a lack of resources such as sufficient social workers, teachers, psychologists and other professional staff.

Prison staff are expected to play a significant role in the development of prisoners, but overburdened as they are by the sheer numbers of prisoners, they are unlikely to have sufficient time to fulfil this role.

The Case for Offender Reintegration by Lukas Muntingh

It is extremely difficult for former offenders to find employment once they have returned from prison.

Former offenders find it difficult to access financing through the formal banking sector for two reasons: firstly, the banks consider them too high a risk, and secondly, the amounts of finance they require are too small for the banking sector to show any real interest in this field.

Education reduces the chances of reoffending.

Additional Links

IN DEPTH DIARY – Interview with Richard Ngoma, a former prisoner and now a lawyer in training

IN DEPTH DIARY – Begining to reconnect the prisoner to their family with NICRO

IN DEPTH DIARY – What is the Social Justice?

What is the Social Justice?

“Ours is an unequal society and the [South African] constitution recognises that positive action is necessary to establish conditions in which there is not only equality of rights but also equality of dignity…

Nowhere is the role of dignity in informing the content of all concrete rights more apparent than in the application of social and economic rights entrenched in the constitution. These are rooted in respect for human dignity, for how can there be dignity in a life lived without access to housing, health care, food, water or in the case of people unable to support themselves, without appropriate assistance? …

 The constitution offers a vision of the future: a society in which there will be social justice and respect for human rights, in which the basic needs of all our people will be met, in which we will live together in harmony, showing respect and concern for one another.”

 Chief Justice Arthur Chaskalson, President of the Constitutional Court of South Africa, Bram Fischer Memorial Lecture, May 2000

A single definition for something as broad as Social Justice is difficult. The Social Justice system ranges from the unequal treatment of the poor to the mis-use of a person’s basic human rights.

Generally there are certain key issues that social justice must deal with.

  1. Issues of respect for human dignity
  2. Issues surrounding access to human rights
  3. Issues surrounding  the exploitation of those rights

In most cases these will affect either the poor or a marginalised community who have neither the resources nor the financial backing to demand what has been unjustly taken from them.

Barry Smith, a former Regional Director of Southern Africa of The Synergos Institute, provides a number of key issues surrounding the relevance of social justice.

 “All members of society should be treated with dignity and respect. The poor and marginalized must have a significant role in determining their future development.”

 In a world of distorted perceptions and “gated communities,” a social justice sensibility helps to surface realities in ways that may alarm us but that may also have the potential to transform us.

 Social justice is about naming the difficult issues we face, like poverty and inequity in the large, or the specific weathervane issues that are the symptoms of structural injustice like racism, gender inequality, the situation of migrants, and so forth.” 

Social justice is all about “systems change” and transformation.”

What I take from this is the following. Social Justice involves highlighting issues that surround dislocation. People who have lost access to their rights because of the way they are represented.

Hopes of Flight: These two men were changing after a day of washing cars on the top floor of the Bree taxi rank. The two were talking about how they were looking forward to going home after a long day on the roof. According to statistics from the City of Johannesburg at the end of 2010/11 approximately 1 382 165 tonnes of waste is collected, while only 91 899 tonnes are recovered for recycling. Social Justice involves highlighting issues that surround dislocation. People who have lost access to their rights because of the way they are represented. (Photo Jay Caboz)

Thus when dealing with social justice one needs to look at issues that surround unfair exclusion, and those people who are looking to change that perspective.

These issues are particularly relevant in South Africa according to Smith

“South Africa, where I am based, is in many ways a reflection of our divided world. It remains a polarized society in which the fault lines of race, class and sector run deep.

Citizens’ organizations, including community-based organizations, NGOs and social movements, play a vital role in giving voice to the poor, mobilizing resources and collective action, and taking forward agendas for pro-poor change. government and business performance in relation to poverty and social justice objectives.

Dignity, human rights and legitimate entitlements can only realized if citizens have the means…and a voice that is heard in the realm of public discourse.”

All excerpts are taken from Barry Smith’ s written piece Social Justice and Inclusive Partnerships

Additional Links

IN DEPTH DIARY – Interview with Richard Ngoma, a former prisoner and now a lawyer in training

IN DEPTH DIARY – Begining to reconnect the prisoner to their family with NICRO

IN DEPTH DIARY – Defining core issues that relate to Social Justice?